Industrial Systems and Environment MANU 1381

Module 3Sustainable Production&Pathways to SustainabilityNew Teaching Schedule2Week Activity1 Module 12 Module 13 Case Project Work4 Module 25 Module 26 Module 27 Case Project Work8 Module 39 Module 310 Case Project Work11 Case Project Work12 Final Project Submission WeekEnvironmental Management• Environmental management involves taking care of theland, oceans, atmosphere, global and local systems,freshwater systems, …, applying sustainability principles.• Every year we are witnessing environmental crisis anddisasters caused often by the neglection for the nature.• Sometimes those events could be prevented, but often theyare unpredictable.• First of all, we have to take care of the environment. Wetry to reduce CO2 emission and make transition to greenenergy sources and transportation.MANU1381 34Australia in January 2020

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6https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-02-19/australia-bushfires-how-heat-and-drought-created-a-tinderbox/11976134Sustainability for the Future• Sustainable / Green / Clean Production• Use of green / renewable energy– Hydro– Wind– Solar– ThermalMANU1381 7MANU1381 8They are all forms of the solar energy,i.e. all energy comes from, the sun. 2012, Dr Milan Simic MANU1381 9Sustainable Development• Adopting business strategies and activitiesthat meet the needs of the enterprise and allof its stakeholders today,• While protecting, sustaining and enhancingthe human and natural resources that willbe needed in the future.Theodore Roosevelt,Message to Congress, 3rd Dec. 1907“To Waste and Destroy our NaturalResources, instead of increasing theirusefulness, will undermine the veryprosperity which we are obliged tohand down to our children, amplifiedand developed.”Albert Einstein“If man is to survive, we shall requirea substantially new manner ofthinking”… Cleaner Production methods & associatedapproaches provide just such a ‘new manner ofthinking’.POLLUTION CONTROLAPPROACHESPollutants are controlled by filters and waste treatmentmethodsPollution control is evaluated when processes and productshave been developed and when problems arisePollution controls and environmental improvements areconsidered to be always cost factors for the companyEnvironmental challenges are to be addressed byenvironmental expertsEnvironmental improvements are to be accomplished withtechniques and technologyEnvironmental improvement measures should fulfilstandards set by authoritiesQuality is defined as meeting the customers requirements.CLEANER PRODUCTIONAPPROACHESPollutants are prevented at their sources through integratedmeasuresPollution prevention is an integrated part of product andprocess developmentPollutants and wastes are considered as potential resourcesand may be transformed into useful products/by-productsEnvironmental improvement challenges should be theresponsibility of people throughout the companyEnvironmental improvements include non-technical andtechnical approachesEnvironmental improvement measures should be a process ofworking continuously to achieve higher standardsTotal Quality means the production of products that meet orexceed customer expectations and which have minimalimpacts upon human health and the environment.Cleaner Production• A conceptual and procedural approach toproduction and manufacturing that• Demands all phases of the life cycle of aproduct, or process• To be addressed with the objective ofprevention, or minimisation of short and longterm risks to human life and the environment.ScopeThe ‘scope’ of Cleaner Production approaches,methodologies and techniques is limited onlyby the ‘vision’ of its proponents.Ecologically Sustainable DevelopmentPrecautionary Principle:Where there are threats of serious or irreversible environmental damage, lack of fullscientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing measures toprevent environmental degradation.Application of the precautionary principle should involve both careful evaluation toavoid serious damage to the environment and effective risk assessment of thevarious options.Intergenerational Equity:The present generation should ensure that the health, diversity and productivity of theenvironment is maintained or enhanced for the benefit of future generations.Conservation of Biological Diversity & Ecological Integrity:Conservation of biological diversity and ecological integrity should be a fundamentalconsideration.Phases of Environmental Protection• Dilution (thinning, reduction…) is the solutionto pollution• Pollution control is the solution to pollution• Pollution prevention is the solution to pollution• Not producing is one of the solutions topollution60’s 70’s 80’s 90’s 2000’sTime…DumpControlRecyclePreventionCleaner Production• Offers industry the opportunity to enhanceoperating efficiency while improving itsenvironmental performance.• The waste is reduced at its source, ratherthan at the ‘end-of-pipe’.Green Internal Combustion EngineAction Regulatory Reform & new Regulatory SchemaUse of Economic InstrumentsFinancial / Tax IncentivesDevelopment of Specific Support MeasuresEstablishing Demonstration Programs & developing SpecialistExpertiseUse of External Assistance MechanismsFacilitating access to external agencies such as the World BankGovernment Processes in PolicyDevelopment• Pollution sources reduction• waste minimisation• energy efficiency and• low-waste and non-waste technology,Prevent or minimise, in the most costeffectivemanner, the short and long termrisks to humans and the environment.”UNIDO (1992) Blueprint for Clean Industry, Conclusions & Recommendations of the ESID Conference.Cleaner Production ObjectivesThree Key pillars/issues for sustainabledevelopment in the world of today…… that sets the scene forthe world of future generations to come.Social EquityEconomic ProsperityEcological IntegrityFromShort-term ExploitationtoStewardship (Look After)for SustainabilityFrom No Sky25To Clear Sky26Cleaner Production is moving•away from a focus on ‘compliance’,with its associated ‘regulation and control’ mindset,•to a more ‘performance’ oriented approach toachieving success,that includes a commitment to achievingEcologically Sustainable Industrial Development.Cleaner Production Policy Instrumentsare characterised by a number of inherentprinciples:The need to establish working partnerships betweengovernment, industry and affected communitiesThe need to address the capability to take actions toimprove the quality of lifeThe need to undertake continuing research into improvingindustry practices and processesThe need to provide incentives eg. to small and mediumbusinesses, to improve environmental impact performanceThe need to recognise continuing improvements inindustrial waste management and the introduction ofWaste Minimisation Assessment:Key initial steps• Assessment of the organisations’ involvementand commitment to promoting waste reduction• Introduction of ‘environmentally friendly’practices and procedures• Organisation and implementation of a corporateenvironmental policy with associated goals,objectives and strategies for achievement.Waste Minimisation Assessment Procedures• Selection of an Assessment Team• Determining the Scope of the Assessment• Collection of Preliminary data• Identification and characterisation of input materials,products & waste streams• Comprehensive Plant Analysis:• Evaluation of data:Typical Resource Audit Approach• Identify all source requirements:including: materials, energy, labour, skills,information, technology• Identify and document all processes• Identify and document discrete stages• Produce complete system flow chart• Identify Energy demands• Identify Products streams• Identify Waste-streams.Five Core Quality Management Principles• The Policy Principle• The Planning Principle• The Implementation Principle• The Checking & Corrective ActionPrinciple• The Review & Improvement PrincipleFurther Reading• Follow Learning Guide from Learning Hub• Read uploaded journal papers• Use RMIT Library to fined more information• Use Internet and other communication media• Critically analyse all news and eventsMANU1381 33My Contribution• Use less paper when studied and after• First to use BB• No smoking• Push bike, smaller cars• Walking• Research projects• Solar energy for houseMANU1381 34ResearchSolar Pond Solar DogMANU1381 35Solar Vehicle for South Pole Explorationhttp://solardog.com.au/RMIT University©yyyy School/Department/Area 363738SAMMESchool of:Aurora-RMIT 101 solar car ,on the steps ofMelbourne’s Parliament House.3940Electrical Cars• http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-1962492684126574949• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tesla_electric_carPicture from:• http://www.cnet.com.au/tesla-roadster-to-be-a-onespeed-car-339285519.htm41Hydrogen CarHydrogen used asa fuel for internalcombustion engine.Future Electric Car42Energy Management System43Thermal Energy Recovery 2009, Dr Milan Simic Mechatronics Design 44• https://www.sustainability.vic.gov.au/• https://www.solar.vic.gov.au/45ReadingsRed this articlesto be ready forthe discussionsnext week46RMIT Classification: Trusted[1] M. Todorovic and M. Simic, “Transition to Electrical Vehicles Based on Multi‐AttributeDecision Making,” in 2019 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT),2019, pp. 921‐926.[2] M. Todorovic and M. Simic, “Managing Transition to Autonomous Vehicles Using BayesianFuzzy Logic,” in Innovation in Medicine and Healthcare Systems, and Multimedia, Singapore,2019, pp. 409‐421: Springer Singapore.[3] M. Todorovic and M. Simic, “Feasibility study on green transportation,” Energy Procedia, vol.160, pp. 534‐541, 2019/02/01/ 2019.[4] M. Todorovic and M. Simic, “Current State of the Transition to Electrical Vehicles,” inIntelligent Interactive Multimedia Systems and Services, Cham, 2019, pp. 130‐139: SpringerInternational Publishing.[5] A. Royale, M. Simic, P. Lappas, P. Schiffer, and R. Palaniswamy, “Novel thermal energyrecovery system testing,” Energy Procedia, vol. 160, pp. 507‐512, 2019/02/01/ 2019.[6] M. Todorovic, M. Simic, and A. Kumar, “Managing Transition to Electrical and AutonomousVehicles,” Procedia Computer Science, vol. 112, pp. 2335‐2344, 2017/01/01/ 2017.[7] X. X. Dou, M. Simic, J. andrews, and J. Mo, “Power splitting strategy for solar hydrogengeneration,” International Journal of Agile Systems and Management, vol. 8, no. 1, 2015.[8] X. X. Dou, J. Andrews, M. Simic, R. Hoseinnezhad, and J. Mo, “Optimal power managementof final load and electrolyser in a solar hydrogen power generation system,” in Sensors,Mechatronics and Automation, Seung‐Bok Choi, Prasad Yarlagadda, and M. Abdullah‐Al‐Wadud, Eds. eBooks: Trans Tech Publications inc., Materials Science & Engineering, 2014,pp. 661‐669.[9] X. X. dou, J. Andrews, and M. Simic, “Designing a control unit for a solar‐hydrogen system forremote area power supply,” presented at the Solar2010, the 48th AuSES Annual Conference,

Available: http://solar.org.au/papers/10papers/10_26_DOU.X.X.pdf[10] M. N. Simic, R. Singh, L. Doukas, and A. Akbarzadeh, “Remote Monitoring of ThermalPerformance of Salinity Gradient Solar Ponds,” in Digital System Design, Architectures,Methods and Tools, 2009. DSD ’09. 12th Euromicro Conference on, 2009, pp. 865‐869.[11] M. Elbanhawai and M. Simic, “Robotics Application in Remote Data Acquisition and Controlfor Solar Ponds,” Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 252‐255, p. 11, 2013.

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